Washington’s Adieu to his Generals

Accession number:
2010.09

Maker:
George R. Hall
Engraver (1756-1843) Based off the original drawing by Felix Octavius Carr Darley (1822-1888)

Historical period:
ca. 1860

Miltary branch:

Wars and Conflicts:

Type:

Dimensions:
H x W: 22 in. / 26 in.

Acquisition date:
ca. 2010

Credit line:
The Army and Navy Club Library Trust Fund

Location:
,

Provenance:

From ca. 2010: The Army and Navy Library Trust Fund, acquired by Rear Admiral John N. Faigle, Club President 2010-2013

Label:

This is a spirited depiction of General George Washington leaving Whitehall Ferry on December 4, 1783, to the cheers and waves of his officers. Earlier that day, Washington left his fellow generals, Knox, Steuben, Greene, and then-Colonel Hamilton, among countless others, at New York's famed Francis Tavern, to the tune of "Roslin Castle." After a mournful and heavy goodbye with those who had sat on his council, shared in his toils and adversaries for seven years, Washington arrived at the New York barge and departed for Annapolis.

Darley's idealized depiction of the dock, filled with American sailors and enthusiastic officers, captures the sentiments expressed by a nation exhausted by war but optimistic for the future of the country. In Annapolis, General Washington met with Congress to surrender his commission as Commander-in-Chief, with the following words: "Having now finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great theater of action, and bidding an affectionate farewell to this august body, under whose orders I have so long acted, I here offer my commission, and take leave of all the employments of life."

The text under the title on the engraving: “Vide ‘Irving’s Life of Washington,’ page 441, vol. IV, published by G.P. Putnam.” This citation refers to a textual description of Washington’s farewell to his generals in Washington Irving’s five-volume biography, Life of Washington.